African violet is a very easy and attractive garden plant. It produces many attractive flowers and is ideal for the garden. African violet is not a difficult plant to grow from seed and is forgiving of a poor germination rate. What’s more, it is an ideal plant for the beginner gardener.
The basic method for growing African violets from seed is to first grow the seedlings in a tray for two to three weeks. Once they reach an appropriate size for transplanting, the seedlings are removed from the tray and planted into individual pots. Pots must be well drained. They should be of a size that will comfortably fit in a watertight planter. This is best done before planting the seedlings into the pots.
The trays and pots should be filled with peat-based germination mix. Then cover the trays or pots with transparent dome or a clear plastic cover that will allow light to get to the seedlings. The light should be about 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. In a garden setting, a minimum of 8 hours of light each day is desirable. The mix can be watered with a weak fertilizer solution such as a 1/2 strength liquid fertilizer.
African violet seeds can be planted directly into the soil, but they will not germinate as well. The plants will grow roots in the soil first. They are then removed from the soil and planted into pots.
Growing African violets from seed is a project that should take no more than a couple of weeks. Most seeds will germinate in about ten days. In ideal conditions, it may take slightly longer, but in suboptimal conditions it is likely to take longer.
African violets have a low germination rate when grown from seed. To get the best result, it is best to grow the seedlings for 2 to 3 weeks before transplanting them to the pots.
At around three weeks, the seedlings should be at least 1/4 inch in diameter. The seedlings can be transferred to the pots after this stage, but it is usually best to wait until the seedlings are an inch in height, or longer.
African violets require a light-tight environment. Therefore, they should be grown in watertight planters. The plants need a mix of gravel and peat-based soil to ensure that the soil drains well. They should also be watered regularly and with a fertilizer solution.
The pots should be light in color so that the plant can show off its bright colors.
Fertilizer should be applied once or twice a month, depending on the needs of the plants.
This fertilizer should contain nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium, and trace minerals.
This fertilizer should be applied at about 5ml per 10 square feet of growth area, which is about the size of a patio pot.
This fertilizer should be applied at regular intervals. If the plants are growing well, then a single application will be sufficient. If the plants are not growing well, then an additional application will be needed.
Once the plant has reached the proper height, the plants should be repotted into a larger pot, with fresh potting soil and fertilizer.
Repotting the plants will allow them to be given the maximum amount of light.
Transplanting Seedlings Into Pots
African violets are typically grown in large pots. They are easy to plant directly into the soil, but it is usually preferable to first pot them. African violets grown from seedlings are best potted at the time of transplanting. They are then moved into the garden at around two weeks of age. African violet seedlings can be potted in a mix of 1 part potting mix and 2 parts peat moss.
African violet plants are slow growers. They should be potted at least three months before being moved to the garden. The plants should be moved at around the time of the first hard frost.
In the garden, they need a minimum temperature of 50 degrees F to do well. If temperatures are below 50 degrees F at night, the African violet seedlings may have a difficult time growing. This should be taken into account when transplanting into a cold frame or greenhouse. If the cold temperatures are not a problem for the plants, they can be moved to the garden as soon as the last frost of the season has occurred. There are many African violets that can be moved outside in spring, but it is best to wait until the last frost is over.
As a general rule, African violet seedlings are most easily transplanted when they are about three months old. The seedlings should be kept moist during the transplanting process.
Growing African Violets
African violets are perennials, meaning that they will return year after year. They grow best in a sunny location. The soil should be well-drained, and the plants should not be in an area where they may be watered by rain. The soil should be kept moist, but not soggy. African violet plants do not like a lot of fertilizer. They grow best on average-to-light soil that is well-drained and not too fertile. They can be pruned, but the removal of some of the leaf growth is necessary to allow the plant to grow bigger.
The leaves of the African violet plant are the flowers. The leaves are rounded and the flowers are yellow. Flowers are produced on the tips of the leaf stems.
African violets are not fussy about the type of light they are exposed to. They are happy in a wide range of conditions. They grow well in partial shade and can even do well in dappled shade.
African violets do not like to be moved. They have a shallow root system, so they will rot if they are transplanted. Transplanting is not recommended, so if you are moving them to a new location, keep them in their pots for the entire time. The plants will benefit from being potted up, as this will help keep the soil from becoming too dry.